Pyrolysis of poly(ethylene terephthalate) in a fluidised bed plant

Toshiaki Yoshioka, Guido Grause, Christian Eger, Walter Kaminsky, Akitsugu Okuwaki

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126 Citations (Scopus)


Chemical recycling of polyethylene terephthalate) (PET) materials was carried out by pyrolysis with a fluidised bed reactor between 510 and 730°C. Several PET materials, with and without fillers, were successfully decomposed. Almost all products were gases and solids. The yield of gases was between 38 and 49 wt%. Pyrolysis gas consisted chiefly of CO2 and CO. Other gases like methane, ethane and hydrogen occurred in small yields. The other major fraction was formed by solid products. Above all, the organic residues in the reactor increased strongly with temperature. Just 5 wt% of organic residues were found in the reactor at a temperature of 510°C, but 40wt% at 730°C. The amount of oxygen containing compounds decreased with increasing temperature due to the decomposition of terephthalic acid and benzoic acid. The amount of liquid products was small. The aliphatic hydrocarbons in oil fraction were slight, but aromatic hydrocarbons were found between 2 and 5 wt% of all organic products due to formation of benzene, benzene derivatives and naphthalene derivatives, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-504
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer Degradation and Stability
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 1


  • Catalysts
  • Feedstock recycling
  • Fluidised bed
  • Polyethylene terephthalate) (PET)
  • Pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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