Quality Indicators in Palliative Radiation Oncology: Development and Pilot Testing

Tetsuo Saito, Naoto Shikama, Takeo Takahashi, Misako Miwa, Kazunari Miyazawa, Hitoshi Wada, Naoki Nakamura, Atsunori Yorozu, Hisayasu Nagakura, Mitsunori Miyashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: A quality indicator (QI) is a valuable tool to evaluate the quality of health care systems. In palliative radiation oncology, only a few related QIs have been developed to date. In this study, we sought to develop and pilot test QIs that assess the quality of care in palliative radiation therapy. Methods and Materials: A modified Delphi method was used to establish consensus with an expert panel. The panel consisted of 8 radiation oncologists who have expertise in palliative radiation oncology and 1 expert on Delphi methodology. Online panel meetings and e-mail surveys were conducted to develop QIs on palliative radiation therapy for bone and brain metastases. Feasibility of measurement was assessed though pilot surveys that were conducted by radiation oncologists at 5 facilities. Results: After 3 online meetings and 2 e-mail surveys, we developed 4 QIs on bone metastases and 3 QIs on brain metastases. Two email surveys and 2 pilot surveys confirmed the validity of QIs and the feasibility of measurement, respectively. Conclusions: We developed valid and feasible QIs on palliative radiation therapy for bone and brain metastases. Our work may contribute to reduce the evidence–practice gaps in palliative radiation oncology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100856
JournalAdvances in Radiation Oncology
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1

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