Quality indicators of palliative care for acute cardiovascular diseases

Atsushi Mizuno, Mitsunori Miyashita, Takashi Kohno, Yasuharu Tokuda, Shuhei Fujimoto, Masato Nakamura, Morimasa Takayama, Koichiro Niwa, Terunobu Fukuda, Shinichi Ishimatsu, Satomi Kinoshita, Shogo Oishi, Hiroki Mochizuki, Akemi Utsunomiya, Yasuko Takada, Ryota Ochiai, Toshiaki Mochizuki, Ken Nagao, Saran Yoshida, Akitoshi HayashiRyuichi Sekine, Toshihisa Anzai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Although recent attention to palliative care for patients with cardiovascular diseases has been increasing, there are no specific recommendations on detailed palliative care practices. We proceed on a discussion of the appropriateness and applicability of potential quality indicators for acute cardiovascular diseases according to our previous systematic review. Methods: We created a multidisciplinary panel of 20 team members and 7 external validation clinicians composed of clinical cardiologists, a nutritionist, a physiotherapist, a clinical psychologist, a critical and emergent care specialist, a catheterization specialist, a primary care specialist, a palliative care specialist, and nurses. After crafting potential indicators, we performed a Delphi rating, ranging from “1 = minimum” to “9 = maximum”. The criterion for the adoption of candidate indicators was set at a total mean score of seven or more. Finally, we subcategorized these indicators into several domains by using exploratory factor analysis. Results: Sixteen of the panel members (80%) were men (age, 49.5 ± 13.7 years old). Among the initial 32 indicators, consensus was initially reached on total 23 indicators (71.8%), which were then summarized into 21 measures by selecting relatively feasible time variations. The major domains were “symptom palliation” and “supporting the decision-making process”. Factor analysis could not find optimal model. Narratively-developed seven sub-categories included “presence of palliative care team”, “patient-family relationship”, “multidisciplinary team approach”, “policy of approaching patients”, “symptom screening and management”, “presence of ethical review board”, “collecting and providing information for decision-maker”, and “determination of treatment strategy and the sharing of the care team's decision”. Conclusion: In this study we developed 21 quality indicators, which were categorized into 2 major domains and 7 sub-categories. These indicators might be useful for many healthcare providers in the initiation and enhancement of palliative care practices for acute cardiovascular diseases in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-183
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug


  • Acute cardiovascular diseases
  • End-of-life
  • Heart failure
  • Palliative care
  • Quality indicators


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