A quantitative assessment of the influence of aging on optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) was investigated using 50 normal adults in ages ranging from 30 to 70 years. In linear stimulus-induced OKN, a statistically significant difference was demonstrated in slow-phase OKN velocity only between the 30-59 year old age group and the 70-79-year-old age group, when OKN stimulus was more than 60°s. Step stimulus-induced OKN was investigated in the same age groups in order to compare aging effects upon slow-phase OKN velocity. No statistically significant difference was found in slow-phase OKN velocity between younger age groups and the oldest age group. There was no significant difference in fast-phase velocity among the age groups. Thus, step-induced OKN has a wider clinical application than linear stimulus-induced OKN.
- Fast-phase velocity
- Slow-phase OKN velocity