Radiation-induced amorphization of M23C6 in F82H steel: An atomic-scale observation

Shou Kano, Huilong Yang, John McGrady, Yoshiyuki Watanabe, Masami Ando, Dai Hamaguchi, Takashi Nozawa, Hiroyasu Tanigawa, Kenta Yoshida, Tamaki Shibayama, Hiroaki Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of the present study is to clarify the instability behavior of M23C6 under irradiation, specifically the occurrence of radiation-induced amorphization (RIA). Ion irradiation of 10.5 MeV-Fe3+ at elevated temperatures from 573 to 623 K was conducted into the reduced activation ferritic/martensitic steels (F82H) and its model alloy (Fe-8Cr-0.1C). A bilayer contrast of the particle consisting of an amorphous-rim phase and inner crystalline core of M23C6 was observed in the irradiated F82H specimen, but not in the model alloy. From the high-resolution electron microscope observation, the preferential occupation site of W into M23C6 lattice was identified as 8c-site prior to irradiation in F82H specimen, which shifted to other sites due to chemical disordering upon irradiation. Evaluation of the intensity ratio between 8c and another site of M23C6, 8c/4a, then revealed that the extent of chemical disordering of W was mitigated at the amorphous-crystal interface region in comparison with the central of the particle. The hypothesis for the formation mechanism of an amorphous-rim in M23C6 was presumed as the deviation from the stoichiometric composition at the local interface due to the irradiation-enhanced diffusion and/or ballistic mixing under the current circumstances, although the efforts from experimental and/or simulation studies are still necessary to achieve a further understanding of the RIA behavior in M23C6.

Original languageEnglish
Article number153345
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan


  • Chemical disordering
  • F82H
  • MC
  • Radiation-induced amorphization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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