Brassica napus was cultivated in three test fields exposed to different radionuclide contamination levels 1.5 years after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident to investigate the correlation between soil contamination and radiocesium activity concentration (RCs conc.) in plants. The correlations between total and exchangeable RCs conc. were strong in the plow layer (L1) and the layer 5 cm below L1 (L2). Water-soluble radiocesium was not detected in either layer, and little radiocesium penetration was observed below L2. Correlation coefficients between RCs conc. in each plant organ and soil layers were calculated. Correlations between RCs conc. in each vegetative organ and total and exchangeable RCs conc. in L1 and correlations between vegetative organs were mostly strong during vegetative growth and flowering periods. Correlations between RCs conc. in flowers with that in L1, L2, and other vegetative organs were not significant. RCs conc. in L1 may more directly affect concentrations in roots and shoots. RCs conc. in oil extracted from seeds was measured, and the results suggested that radiocesium was not detectable in the oil fraction. Our data regarding radiocesium in soil and plants and their correlations obtained by extensive cultivation in contaminated soils could be useful to gain a better scientific understanding of radiocesium transport and accumulation and to provide useful information for the future utilization of areas with low contamination levels.
- Exchangeable cesium
- Fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant