Mycobacterium xenopi pulmonary disease (Mxe-PD) is common among nontuberculous mycobacterial infections in Europe and Canada. Associations between radiological pattern and clinical features and outcomes are inadequately studied in Mxe-PD. We sought to investigate clinical characteristics and outcomes according to the dominant radiological pattern among patients with Mxe-PD. We retrospectively studied patients with Mxe-PD seen in our clinic, categorizing their predominant CT pattern as nodular bronchiectasis, fibrocavitary, or unclassifiable, and compared clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcomes between radiologic groups. Of 94 patients with Mxe-PD, CT patterns comprised nodular bronchiectasis (40/94, 42.6%), fibrocavitary (37/94, 39.4%), and unclassifiable (17/94, 18.1%). Compared with fibrocavitation, patients with nodular bronchiectasis were female dominant, less often had COPD, less often had AFB smear-positive sputum, and more frequently had co-isolation of Pseudomonas. Patients with nodular bronchiectasis were less often treated (65% versus 91.9%) and when treated, they received fewer anti-mycobacterial drugs (on average 3 versus 4). Outcomes did not differ significantly by radiological pattern. Nodular bronchiectasis was common among Mxe-PD patients in our clinic. Compared with fibrocavitary disease, patients with nodular bronchiectasis had features suggestive of milder disease and were less often treated. Among treated patients, outcomes did not differ by radiologic pattern.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Feb 4|
- Chest CT
- Mycobacterium xenopi
- Nodular bronchiectasis
- Nontuberculous mycobacteria