Radiometric calibration for a multispectral sensor onboard risesat microsatellite based on lunar observations

Masataka Imai, Junichi Kurihara, Toru Kouyama, Toshinori Kuwahara, Shinya Fujita, Yuji Sakamoto, Yuji Sato, Sei Ichi Saitoh, Takafumi Hirata, Hirokazu Yamamoto, Yukihiro Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Radiometric calibration utilizing the Moon as a reference source is termed as lunar cali-bration. It is a useful method for evaluating the performance of optical sensors onboard satellites orbiting the Earth. Lunar calibration provides sufficient radiometric calibration opportunities without requiring any special equipment, and is suitable for nano/microsatellites. This study applies lunar calibration to a multispectral sensor, Ocean Observation Camera (OOC), on board a microsat-ellite named Rapid International Scientific Experiment Satellite. Simulating the brightness of the Moon based on the RObotic Lunar Observatory and SELENE/Spectrum Profiler models, sensitivity degradation was proven to be negligible in any of the four spectral bands of the OOC with the sensor temperature correction. A bluing trend in the OOC’s sensor sensitivity was revealed, indi-cating a shorter observation wavelength shows larger irradiance. Comparing the top-of-atmosphere reflectance of Railroad Valley Playa with the Radiometric Calibration Network dataset revealed that the derived calibration parameter from the lunar calibration was valid for correcting the bluing trend in the visible range. Although the lunar and vicarious calibration parameters for the infrared band were unexpectedly inconsistent, lunar calibration could potentially contribute toward estimating the contaminated background radiance in the Earth observation images.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2429
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr 1


  • Earth observation
  • Lunar calibration
  • Nano/microsatellite
  • Remote sensing


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