Raman imaging analysis of pharmaceutical tablets by two-dimensional (2D) correlation spectroscopy

Hideyuki Shinzawa, Kimie Awa, Takehiro Okumura, Shin ichi Morita, Makoto Otsuka, Yukihiro Ozaki, Hidetoshi Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Chemical properties of active substances and insoluble excipient within tablets such as crystalline structures can be seen as an important index for solubility of ingredients. Spectroscopic imaging can potentially be a solid solution to understanding mechanisms at the molecular level and it may bring useful insight in terms of process analytical technique. In the present study, generalized two-dimensional (2D) correlation spectroscopy is utilized for the Raman image analysis of pharmaceutical tablets to reveal molecular interactions between chemical components. By using a spatial distance as a perturbation variable in 2D correlation scheme, synchronous and asynchronous correlation analysis becomes possible. Two kinds of pharmaceutical tablets, pentoxifylline (PTX) as an active substance and palmitic acid (PA) as an insoluble excipient, are prepared with different grinding times, 0.5 and 45 min. The 2D correlation analysis of Raman images of the tablets clearly reveals both physical and chemical effects of grinding process on the properties of the tablets. Asynchronous correlations indicate that a specific molecular structural change of PTX related to the crystallinity is induced by the grinding process. Namely, the crystallinity of PTX based on CH2 structure is a key factor to control the solubility of the tablets. Some properties of pharmaceutical tablets, i.e. solubility or distribution of components in turn may become possible by the simple grinding process. Detailed analysis of Raman images becomes possible by the 2D correlation spectroscopy. Crown

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-131
Number of pages7
JournalVibrational Spectroscopy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sept 18


  • Generalized two-dimensional (2D) correlation spectroscopy
  • Pharmaceutical tablet
  • Raman imaging
  • Raman spectroscopy


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