Rapid and easy detection of nucleotide point mutations in bacterial pathogens associated with drug resistance is essential for the proper use of antimicrobials. Here, we developed a rapid and simple method for the detection of mutations using Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) combined with the single-tag hybridization (STH) chromatographic printed array strips (PAS) method. This procedure is able to detect four mutations (C1349 T, A1295C, G1303 T, A1304 T) in Rifampicin Resistance Determining Region (RRDR) of rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (RR-TB), simultaneously. LAMP reactions contained a LAMP primer and eight allele-specific primers for each mutation. The allele-specific primers products were detected by nucleic acid chromatography using PAS. Four detection lines were detected there, one of which was detected at different positions depend on the wild type and the mutant type. We carried out the four mutations detection using 31 genomic DNA (2 A1295T, 1 G1303 T, 6 A1304 T, 22 C1349 T) from clinical isolate. The mutations have been confirmed by sequence analysis. The detection results were completely consistent with the sequence analysis. In the present study, four mutations could be detected, but only 60% of RR-TB could be detected with these four. It is expected that the detection rate will increase by adding more mutant primers. The combined LAMP and STH chromatographic PAS method is a simple and rapid method for detecting point mutations in clinical isolates as a point-of-care testing (POCT) technique. In addition, it does not require special equipment and can meet the demand in areas where drug-resistant bacteria are endemic, such as developing countries.
- Loop-mediated isothermal amplification
- Mutation detection
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis
- Rapid detection