Rapid proliferation of anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria using anammox-hydroxyapatite technology in a pilot-scale expanded granular sludge bed reactor

Shenghao Ji, Nannan Gu, Yu You Li, Jianyong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The practical application of anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) technology was seriously limited by lack of anammox seeding sludge. In this work, a pilot-scale expanded granular sludge bed (EGSB) reactor was used for rapid proliferation of anaerobic ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AnAOB) using anammox-hydroxyapatite (anammox-HAP) technology. The excellent settleability of anammox-HAP granular sludge (with an excellent settling velocity of 395 m/h) supported the up-flow velocity of 9.6 m/h with recirculation ratio of 19. A high nitrogen loading rate (NLR) of 26.4 g N/L/d was achieved in the pilot-scale reactor, with a cell yield of 0.23 g VSS/g NH4+-N. The high recirculation ratio and up-flow velocity brought about the efficient mass transfer for anammox, eliminating free ammonia inhibition, resulting in the high NLR and cell yield. Results of microbial community revealed that the relative abundance of unclassified Brocadiaceae increased from 18.55% to 82.80%, illustrating the rapid proliferation of AnAOB.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127845
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume362
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

Keywords

  • AnAOB
  • Cell yield
  • High load
  • Mass transfer rates
  • Rapid proliferation

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