In this study, rate-independent linear damping (RILD) is proposed for the seismic protection of inter-story isolated structures. For practical applications, the RILD force is approximated using a causal algorithm and then tracked using semi-active control. Both numerical simulation and shake table real-time hybrid simulation (RTHS) are used to study a 14-story inter-story isolated structure. First, the causal approximation of RILD evaluated in RTHS is compared to numerical simulation. Second, the benefits of RILD for inter-story isolated structures are demonstrated as compared to conventional damping. RILD offers an attractive control alternative by restricting isolation layer displacements without amplifying accelerations.
- inter-story isolation
- Rate-independent linear damping
- real-time hybrid simulation
- semi-active control
- shake table testing