Rayleigh wave phase velocity measurements across the Philippine sea from a broad-band OBS array

T. Isse, H. Shiobara, Y. Fukao, K. Mochizuki, T. Kanazawa, H. Sugioka, S. Kodaira, R. Hino, D. Suetsugu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


We obtained phase velocities of fundamental Rayleigh waves in the northwestern Pacific ocean and the northern Philippine sea from seismograms retrieved from a long-term broad-band ocean bottom seismometer (LT-OBS) array deployed in 1999-2000 and from those recorded in Japan, Guam and Ponape islands. This array observation was one of the first attempts to record continuous seismograms on the seafloor using broad-band seismographs on a long-term basis. The geographical distribution of the LT-OBS stations and the surrounding land stations enabled us to determine pure-path phase velocities in a frequency range from 0.01 to 0.05 Hz across the Mariana trough, the Parece Vela basin, the Shikoku basin and the Minami Daito basin, which were found to be systematically lower than those of the Pacific seafloor at comparable ages. This result, along with other geophysical and geological observations in the Philippine sea, may be explained by an uppermost mantle that is relatively Fe rich.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-266
Number of pages10
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jul


  • Oceanic lithosphere
  • Philippine sea
  • Rayleigh wave
  • Seismic velocities


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