Real-Space Observation of Short-Period Cubic Lattice of Skyrmions in MnGe

Toshiaki Tanigaki, Kiyou Shibata, Naoya Kanazawa, Xiuzhen Yu, Yoshinori Onose, Hyun Soon Park, Daisuke Shindo, Yoshinori Tokura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Citations (Scopus)


Three-dimensional forms of skyrmion aggregate, such as a cubic lattice of skyrmions, are anticipated to exist, yet their direct observations remain elusive. Here, we report real-space observations of spin configurations of the skyrmion-antiskyrmion cubic-lattice in MnGe with a very short period (∼3 nm) and hence endowed with the largest skyrmion number density. The skyrmion lattices parallel to the {100} atomic lattices are directly observed using high-resolution Lorentz transmission electron microscopes, simultaneously with underlying atomic-lattice fringes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5438-5442
Number of pages5
JournalNano Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 12


  • Lorentz microscopy
  • Skyrmion
  • short-period
  • three-dimensional structure


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