Rebuilding process of the outer radiation belt during the 3 November 1993 magnetic storm: NOAA and Exos-D observations

Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Akira Morioka, Takahiro Obara, Hiroaki Misawa, Tsugunobu Nagai, Yoshiya Kasahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

206 Citations (Scopus)


Using the data from the NOAA and Exos-D satellites during the 3 November 1993 magnetic storm, the dynamic behavior of electrons with energies from a few tens of kiloelectronvolts to a few and its relation to plasma waves were examined. After the late main phase, relativistic electron flux started to recover from the heart of the outer radiation belt, where the cold plasma density was extremely low, and intense whistler mode chorus emissions were detected. The phase space density showed a peak in the outer belt, and the peak increased gradually. The simulation of the inward radial diffusion process could not reproduce the observed energy spectrum and phase space density variation. On the other hand, the simulated energy diffusion due to the gyroresonant electron-whistler mode wave interactions, under the assumption of the Kolmogorov turbulence spectrum, could generate the relativistic electrons without the flux transport from the outer region. The present study suggested that the seed population of relativistic electrons, which appeared in the heart of the outer radiation belt during the late main phase, was the ring current electrons injected from the plasma sheet, and that the acceleration by whistler mode chorus via gyroresonant wave-particle interactions outside the plasmapause could play an important role to generate the relativistic electrons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1004
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Issue numberA1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan


  • Electron flux
  • Exos-D
  • Magnetic storm
  • Radiation belt

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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