Recent development in the investigation on thermal conductivity of silicate melts

Hiroki Hasegawa, Hiromichi Ohta, Hiroyuki Shibata, Yoshio Waseda

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13 Citations (Scopus)


Accurate values of thermal conductivity of the silicate melts systematically measured as a function of chemical composition are necessary to understand a mechanism of heat transfer in the silicate melts. Hot wire method and laser flash methods have been used to measure thermal conductivity or thermal diffusivity of oxides melts at high temperatures. Laser flash method has been improved to measure thermal diffusivity of oxides melts with high accuracy. However the effects of radiative heat transfer and low electrical resistivity of samples have been made it difficult to derive precise values. To overcome these difficulties, a front-heating front-detection laser flash method with use of high time resolution detector has been proposed. The temperature response at the bottom surface of thin platinum cell containing sample irradiated by pulse laser is measured. The measurement techniques used for measurement oxide melts are compared. Then, thermal conductivity of Al 2O3-Na2O-CaO-SiO2 silicate melts was measured at temperature up to 1830 K. Thermal conductivity of the molten silicate shows insignificant temperature dependence for all investigated melts. A fairly good correlation has been found between the thermal conductivity and the value of NBO/T (Non-Bridging Oxygen ions/Tetrahedrally coordinated cation) calculated from the chemical composition. The thermal conductivity increases with decrease of NBO/T for small NBO/T value and becomes constant for larger NBO/T value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-499
Number of pages9
JournalHigh Temperature Materials and Processes
Issue number4-5
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct


  • Laser flash method
  • Molten silicate
  • Thermal conductivity


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