Recovery of phosphorus from modified steelmaking slag with high P2O5 content via leaching and precipitation

Chuan Ming Du, Xu Gao, Shigeru Ueda, Shin Ya Kitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The P contained in steelmaking slag is regarded as a potential phosphate source, especially with regard to slag with high P2O5 content, which is generated from the utilization of high P iron ores. If P can be efficiently extracted from slag, the obtained P can be used as a phosphate fertilizer. Moreover, the remaining slag can be recycled inside the steelmaking process. Compared with other phases, the P-condensed C2S- C3P solid solution in slag is more easily dissolved in water; therefore, selective leaching was applied to recover P from slag with high P2O5 content. In this study, the effect of K2O modification on P dissolution in the citric acid solution was investigated, and subsequently, a process for extracting phosphate product from the leachate, via precipitation, was explored. It was determined that K2O modification promoted dissolution of the solid solution, resulting in a higher dissolution ratio of P. By modification, the majority of the solid solution was dissolved at pH 6, and other phases remained in residue, indicating that a better selective leaching of P occurred. As the pH decreased, the dissolution ratios of both P and Fe increased. Following leaching at pH 5, a residue with a higher Fe2O3 content and lower P2O5 content was obtained. When the pH of the leachate increased, the dissolved P in the aqueous solution was precipitated. Through separation and calcination, a phosphate product with a P2O5 content of 30% was obtained, which has the potential to be used as a phosphate fertilizer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-111
Number of pages9
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb 1


  • Citric acid
  • K2O modification
  • Phosphorus recovery
  • Selective leaching
  • Steelmaking slag

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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