Fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) are capable of binding long-chain FA and are involved in intracellular FA transport and signal transduction. In sebaceous glands, FABP5 is highly expressed in differentiated sebocytes; though, its function remains unclear. In this study, we examined the role of FABP5 in sebocytes using FABP5-deficient mice. The size of sebaceous glands was significantly reduced, while the sebum volume was increased with altered lipid composition in FABP5-deficient mice. However, no significant differences were discerned in the expression of proliferation or differentiation markers including Blimp1, c-myc, Ki67 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR)γ between wild-type and FABP5-deficient sebaceous glands. The expression of cellular retinoic acid binding protein-2 (CRABP2) that is a competitor of FABP5 for RA signalling was increased in FABP5-deficient mice. These results suggest that FABP5 is involved in the regulation of sebaceous gland activity through modulation of cellular lipid signalling and/or metabolism in the sebocytes.
- Sebaceous gland