Reductant-assisted self-assembly with cu/sn microbump for three-dimensional heterogeneous integration

Yuka Ito, Takafumi Fukushima, Kang Wook Lee, Koji Choki, Tetsu Tanaka, Mitsumasa Koyanagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


To establish liquid-assisted assembly processes applicable to heterogeneous system integrations, we present flip-chip self-assembly of dies with Cu/Sn microbumps using the difference in droplet wetting between hydrophilic and hydrophobic areas. Flip-chip self-assembly is assisted by a water-soluble flux that has high surface tension comparable to that of pure water and contains an additive of a reducing agent for metal oxides. Control of the additive concentration in the flux provides high wettability contrast that enable spontaneous and precise alignment of chips to hydrophilic areas formed on substrates within 5 m in alignment accuracy. In the subsequent chip bonding process, the reductant can eliminate the metal oxide layer and improve the solder wettability of Sn to the corresponding electrode pads formed on the chips. In addition, we confirm, through electrical characteristic evaluation after thermal compression bonding, that the resulting daisy chain formed between the substrates and self-assembled chips with the flux shows sufficiently low contact resistance of below 20m/bump without disconnection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number04CB09
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics
Issue number4 PART 2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr


Dive into the research topics of 'Reductant-assisted self-assembly with cu/sn microbump for three-dimensional heterogeneous integration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this