Insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) may promote survival of putative stem cells in the small intestinal epithelium. Mitosis and apoptosis were quantified in crypts of nonirradiated and irradiated IGF-I transgenic (TG) and wild-type (WT) littermates. The mean apoptotic index was significantly greater in WT vs. TG littermates. After irradiation, apoptotic indexes increased, and WT mice showed a more dramatic increase in apoptosis than TG mice at the location of putative stem cells. After irradiation, no mitotic figures were observed in WT crypts, whereas mitosis was maintained within the jejunal epithelium of TG mice. The abundance and localization of Bax mRNA did not differ between nonirradiated littermates. However, there was more Bax mRNA in TG vs. WT mice after irradiation. Bax mRNA was located along the entire length of the irradiated crypt epithelium, but there was less Bax protein observed in the bottom third of TG mouse crypts compared with WT littermates. IGF-I regulates cell number by stimulating crypt cell proliferation and decreasing apoptosis preferentially within the stem cell compartment.
|American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
|Published - 2002
- Stem cells