Priming of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) by dendritic cells (DCs) is crucial for elimination of pathogens and malignant cells. To activate CTLs, DCs present antigenic peptide-complexed MHC class I molecules (MHC-I) that will be recognized by the CTLs with T cell receptors and CD8 molecules. Here we show that paired Ig-like receptor (PIR)-B, an MHC-I receptor expressed on antigen-presenting cells, can regulate CTL triggering by blocking the access of CD8 molecules to MHC-I. PIR-B-deficient DCs evoked CTLs more efficiently, leading to accelerated graft and tumor rejection. PIR-B+ non-DC transfectant cells served as less efficient stimulators and targets for CTLs than PIR-B- cells at the effector phase in vitro. On surface plasmon resonance analysis, PIR-B and CD8αα were revealed to compete in binding to MHC-I. Our results may provide a novel strategy for regulating CTL-mediated immunity and diseases in a sterical manner.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 Sept 23|
- CTL priming
- MHC class I
- Regulatory receptor