The aim of this preliminary study is to investigate if there is any evidence of maternal-fetal heart rate coupling in mice fetuses and how the coupling patterns are regulated by vagal nervous system on beat by beat. Total of 6 pregnant female mice were divided into two groups [control (N=3) and vagal blockade (N=3)]. On 17.5-day beat-to-beat heart rates of mothers and fetuses (MHR and FHR) were simultaneously measured for 20 minutes (10 minutes under normal condition and 10 minutes with saline (to control group) and atropine (to the vagal blockade group)) solution by using an invasive maternal and fetal electrocardiogram techniques with needle electrodes. Results show that occasional strong maternal-fetal heart rate coupling (strength was measured by λ appeared and its patterns changed with atropine infusion (no change with saline). Additionally, fisher's exact test shows that changes (increase/decrease from pre to post injection values) in mean, rmssd and power spectral density (PSD) (24 Hz) of MHR, rmssd FHR and PSD (24 Hz) of λ were found to be significantly (p<0.05) associated with treatment types (saline/ atropine). The presented results and protocol allow for the first time in the assessment of autonomic regulation of maternal and fetal heart and their interactions, which will further enhance the value of the mouse as a murine model of heritable human pregnancy and perinatal complications due to maternal conditions.