Regulatory mechanisms for amylolytic gene expression in the koji mold Aspergillus oryzae

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    28 Citations (Scopus)


    The koji mold Aspergillus oryzae has been used in traditional Japanese food and beverage fermentation for over a thousand years. Amylolytic enzymes are important in sake fermentation, wherein production is induced by starch or malto-oligosaccharides. This inducible production requires at least two transcription activators, AmyR and MalR. Among amylolytic enzymes, glucoamylase GlaB is produced exclusively in solid-state culture and plays a critical role in sake fermentation owing to its contribution to glucose generation from starch. A recent study demonstrated that glaB gene expression is regulated by a novel transcription factor, FlbC, in addition to AmyR in solid-state culture. Amylolytic enzyme production is generally repressed by glucose due to carbon catabolite repression (CCR), which is mediated by the transcription factor CreA. Modifying CCR machinery, including CreA, can improve amylolytic enzyme production. This review focuses on the role of transcription factors in regulating A. oryzae amylolytic gene expression.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1385-1401
    Number of pages17
    JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
    Issue number8
    Publication statusPublished - 2019


    • Amylolytic enzyme production
    • Aspergillus oryzae
    • Carbon catabolite repression
    • Solid-state culture
    • Transcription factor

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biotechnology
    • Analytical Chemistry
    • Biochemistry
    • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • Molecular Biology
    • Organic Chemistry


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