Removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution by chemically modified mangosteen pericarp

Kai Huang, Yifan Xiu, Hongmin Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Abstract: An efficient biosorbent was prepared from mangosteen pericarp by saponification with alkaline solution of calcium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide. Batch wise adsorption tests were conducted to investigate the effect of pH, adsorption isotherm, and adsorption kinetics for heavy metal ions. It was found to exhibit fairly good adsorption behavior for heavy metal ions like lead, cadmium, iron, copper, nickel, and zinc ions, with the selectivity order for metal ion adsorption as Fe(III) > Pb(II) > Cu(II) > Cd(II) > Zn(II) > Ni(II). Their adsorption process can be described well by Langmuir model and pseudo-second-order kinetics equation. Among these metal ions, maximum adsorption capacity was evaluated to be 1.48, 1.20, 0.47, 0.35 mol/kg for Cu(II), Fe(III), Ni(II), Cd(II) at equilibrium pH 5.0 (except for Fe(III) at pH 2.8), respectively, while 1.01 mol/kg for both Pb(II) and Zn(II) in the single metal ion solution. The adsorption capability of the modified mangosteen pericarp for heavy metal ions can be attributed to the functional groups of carboxylic acid and plant polyphenol contained in the pericarp. Large adsorption capacity and short adsorption equilibrium time indicated that the saponified mangosteen pericarp gel can be used as a promising adsorbent for the removal of aforesaid heavy metal ions from waste effluents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7108-7116
Number of pages9
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Issue number37-39
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 10
Externally publishedYes


  • Adsorption
  • Cation exchange
  • Heavy metal ions
  • Polyphenolic compounds
  • Saponified mangosteen pericarp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution


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