TY - JOUR

T1 - Renormalization of interactions of ultracold atoms in simulated Rashba gauge fields

AU - Ozawa, Tomoki

AU - Baym, Gordon

PY - 2011/10/13

Y1 - 2011/10/13

N2 - Interactions of ultracold atoms with Rashba spin-orbit coupling, currently being studied with simulated (artificial) gauge fields, have nontrivial ultraviolet and infrared behavior. Examining the ultrastructure of the Bethe-Salpeter equation, we show that the linear ultraviolet divergence in the bare interaction can be renormalized as usual in terms of low-energy scattering lengths, and that for both bosons and fermions ultraviolet logarithmic divergences are absent. Calculating the leading order effective interaction with full dependence on the spin-orbit coupling strength and the center-of-mass momentum of the colliding pair, we elucidate the relation between mean-field interactions and physical three-dimensional scattering lengths. As a consequence of infrared logarithmic divergences in the two-particle propagator, the effective interaction vanishes as the center-of-mass momentum approaches zero.

AB - Interactions of ultracold atoms with Rashba spin-orbit coupling, currently being studied with simulated (artificial) gauge fields, have nontrivial ultraviolet and infrared behavior. Examining the ultrastructure of the Bethe-Salpeter equation, we show that the linear ultraviolet divergence in the bare interaction can be renormalized as usual in terms of low-energy scattering lengths, and that for both bosons and fermions ultraviolet logarithmic divergences are absent. Calculating the leading order effective interaction with full dependence on the spin-orbit coupling strength and the center-of-mass momentum of the colliding pair, we elucidate the relation between mean-field interactions and physical three-dimensional scattering lengths. As a consequence of infrared logarithmic divergences in the two-particle propagator, the effective interaction vanishes as the center-of-mass momentum approaches zero.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.043622

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.043622

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:80054008266

SN - 1050-2947

VL - 84

JO - Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

JF - Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics

IS - 4

M1 - 043622

ER -