Reproducibility of mode transition of edge tone with DNS and LES

Sho Iwagami, Taizo Kobayashi, Kinya Takahashi, Yuji Hattori

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


A jet attacking a edge oscillates spontaneously, and generates aerodynamic sound called edge tone. The edge tone is the sound source of air-jet instruments like a recorder and flute. The jet oscillation has several modes. While one of the modes is selected, the frequency increases linearly with the jet velocity. When the jet velocity exceeds a threshold, the mode transition arises, and it is hysteretic. The mode transition induces sudden changes of the frequency and the sound energy. Therefore, the reproducibility of the mode transition with a numerical calculation is crucial for understanding the mechanism of edge tone. In this study, the 2D model of edge tone is investigated with compressible DNS and LES. The DNS adopted in our study is an exact method without any artificial viscosity terms. The mode transition can be accurately reproduced with DNS. On the other hand, in some cases of calculations with LES, the mode transition cannot be reproduced even though the calculation is not broken down. We discuss the details of this problem.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 23rd International Congress on Acoustics
Subtitle of host publicationIntegrating 4th EAA Euroregio 2019
EditorsMartin Ochmann, Vorlander Michael, Janina Fels
PublisherInternational Commission for Acoustics (ICA)
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9783939296157
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event23rd International Congress on Acoustics: Integrating 4th EAA Euroregio, ICA 2019 - Aachen, Germany
Duration: 2019 Sept 92019 Sept 23

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Congress on Acoustics
ISSN (Print)2226-7808
ISSN (Electronic)2415-1599


Conference23rd International Congress on Acoustics: Integrating 4th EAA Euroregio, ICA 2019


  • Aerodynamic Sound
  • DNS
  • Edge tone
  • LES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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