Reservoir release policy for large irrigation system

G. B. Sahoo, R. Loof, C. L. Abernethy, S. Kazama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes the formulation of a model for optimized crop and water planning decisions in an irrigation system in Thailand. It facilitates consultation in which representatives of stakeholders, officials, farmers, and researchers can contribute to the decision making. Linear programming and the analytical hierarchy process are the principal modeling tools to optimize the collective system objectives: productivity, equity, and security. The results of the model are compared with observed events of one dry season. The optimized policy generated by the model suggested a diversified cropping pattern, which would decrease the water requirement by 16.4% and enhance net benefit per cubic meter of water used by 39.9%. The erratic water availability from the reservoir and the operational procedures inside the system are reviewed, analyzing historical data in terms of reliability, resiliency, and vulnerability. These include lack of proper assessment of available water, effective farmer organization, and prompt data processing and communication. Furthermore, for the effective implementation of an optimized irrigation policy, a water release pattern of the storage reservoir has been suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-310
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering - ASCE
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Sept


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