Although the stability of rice bran oil (RBO) has been showed on several studies, the factors which make it capable on maintaining its stability under thermal oxidation has not been sure yet. We hypothesized that its fatty acid composition [high composition of oleic acid (OA), lower composition of linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (LnA)] and/or its antioxidant agents [γ-oryzanol (OZ)] and vitamin E [tocopherol (Toc), tocotrienol (T3)] might be the biggest factor.To prove the hypothesis, we thermally oxidized RBO under 40 °C for 17 days to mimic the harsh daily storage condition, and compared it with soybean oil (SO) and rapeseed oil (RPO) then monitoring their primary oxidation products [triacylglycerol hydroperoxide (TGOOH)] from easily oxidized fatty acid contained in triacylglycerol (TG) and the amount loss of antioxidant agents. As a result, RBO showed the lowest TGOOH/TG ratio, followed by RPO and SO. The superior stability RPO compared SO might occur due to because of the influence of the fatty acid profile (higher OA and lower LA). For RBO’s case, besides its fatty acid profile, the existence of OZ and the synergistic effect of OZ and vitamin E might have a greater contribution in maintaining its stability under thermal oxidation.