Review of balloons muon measurement in the atmosphere

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In order to study neutrino oscillation phenomena using atmospheric neutrinos, it is crucially important to calculate their absolute fluxes and spectral shapes accurately. Since production and decay processes of muons are accompanied by neutrino production, observations of atmospheric muons give fundamental information about atmospheric neutrinos. Atmospheric muons have been measured at various sites; from a ground level to a balloon floating altitude. Very precise measurement has been carried out on the ground. Muon growth curves are measured during balloon ascending periods. These data can be used to investigate hadronic interaction models. Investigations of atmospheric muons will improve accuracy of the neutrino calculations. Statistics in the muon measurement during balloon experiments are still insufficient. In order to improve the statistics drastically, dedicated muon experiments are very important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1635-1644
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Modern Physics A
Issue number12-13
Publication statusPublished - 2002 May 20


  • Atmospheric Muon
  • Atmospheric Neutrino
  • Cosmic Ray


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