Ring structures of small ZnO clusters

Amit Jain, Vijay Kumar, Yoshiyuki Kawazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


We report results of an ab initio study of the atomic structures of small zinc oxide clusters (ZnO)n n ≤ 6 using ultrasoft pseudopotential method and the generalized gradient approximation for the exchange-correlation energy. We optimize several isomers for each size in order to obtain the lowest energy structures and to understand the growth behavior. In all cases ring type structures are found to be most favorable. For n = 5 and 6, the ring structures are not planar suggesting that the bonding nature in these cluster has some covalent character. Small clusters are found to have small highest-occupied- lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (HOMO-LUMO) gap in contrast to the typical behavior of large gaps for small clusters that tend to decrease towards the bulk value with an increase in size.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-262
Number of pages5
JournalComputational Materials Science
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May


  • Ab initio calculations
  • Binding energy
  • Ring structures
  • Zinc oxide clusters


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