Fatty acid binding protein 7 (FABP7) has a protective role in the central nervous system injury and regulates neurogenesis during brain development; however, its roles in neuronal injury and neurogenesis after cerebral ischemia have not been elucidated. In this study, the expression of FABP7 after ischemia was studied and the effects of genetic FABP7 inhibition on neuronal injury and neurogenesis after ischemia were investigated. Male FABP7 knockout (KO) mice on a C57BL/6J background and their wild-type (WT) littermates were subjected to transient forebrain ischemia for 20 min. There was no difference in the level of neuronal injury between WT and KO mice. FABP7 expression was observed in neural stem/progenitor cells and increased 7–10 days after ischemia, which was consistent with the peak of hippocampal neurogenesis. In the KO mice, neurogenesis was significantly decreased compared with WT mice under both physiological and ischemic conditions. Differentiation from newborn cells to immature neurons was activated in the KO mice, but there was no difference in the number of cells that differentiated into mature neurons. These findings imply that FABP7 expressed in neuronal stem/progenitor cells regulates the proliferation and maintenance of newborn cells.
- Cerebral ischemia
- Neuronal injury