The microstructures, cold-rolling abilities, and mechanical properties of a Ti-6Al-4V alloy with a α' microstructure were examined, and compared with these properties in alloys with the (α + β) microstructure. The microstructure of a Ti-6Al-4V alloy solution treated at 1373. K followed by quenching (referred to as 1373. K STQ in the following) exhibits the acicular α' martensite microstructure. The alloy exhibits the (equilibrium α + α' martensite) bimodal microstructure when 1223. K solution treatment is carried out followed by quenching (referred to as 1223. K STQ). In contrast, Ti-6Al-4V alloys heat treated at 1373. K or 1223. K, followed by furnace cooling (referred to as 1373. K ST-FC and 1223. K ST-FC), exhibit a lamellar (α + β) microstructure and an equiaxed (α + β) microstructure, respectively. The strength of the STQ specimens was found to be higher than that of the ST-FC specimens. The 1223. K STQ specimen had excellent cold-rolling ability (more than 40% reduction) and higher tensile ductility than those of the ST-FC specimens. The excellent ductility of 1223. K STQ is thought to be due to the constituent phase of the single HCP phase (α' and α) and the fine equiaxed bimodal morphology. The compositional distribution of the V content enrichment and the decrease in the Al content in the α' martensitic region during solution treatment at 1223. K should contribute to the excellent ductility. This work therefore suggests a useful method for improving room-temperature ductility by using industrial Ti-6Al-4V alloys with the α' martensite microstructure.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Materials Science & Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing|
|Publication status||Published - 2011 Jan 25|
- Alpha prime martensite
- Fracture behavior
- Titanium alloys