Runx2 in human breast carcinoma: Its potential roles in cancer progression

Yoshiaki Onodera, Yasuhiro Miki, Takashi Suzuki, Kiyoshi Takagi, Jun Ichi Akahira, Takuya Sakyu, Mika Watanabe, Satoshi Inoue, Takanori Ishida, Noriaki Ohuchi, Hironobu Sasano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Citations (Scopus)


Runx2 has been proposed as one of the pivotal factors in the process of osteogenesis and metastasis in human malignancies including breast cancer, but its details have not been evaluated. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated its expression in human breast cancer using immunohistochemistry. One hundred and thirty-seven formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded breast cancer specimens were used in this analysis of immunohistochemical study. Immunoreactivity was evaluated using the labeling index (LI). Runx2 immunoreactivity was detected in both carcinoma and stromal cells, as well as non-pathological ductal cells. The nuclear LI of Runx2 in carcinoma cells was associated with the clinical stage, histological grade and HER2 status of the patients examined. In addition, among the patients not associated with distant metastasis, those with high Runx2 LI demonstrated a significantly worse clinical outcome than those with a low LI. This was more pronounced in the group of estrogen receptor (ER)-negative cases. In addition, both univariate and multivariate analyses demonstrated that the Runx2 LI in breast carcinoma cells turned out an independent prognostic factor. Results of our present study demonstrated that Runx2 plays very important roles in the progression of breast cancer, especially in those of ER-negative cases. (Cancer Sci 2010; 101: 2670-2675)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2670-2675
Number of pages6
JournalCancer science
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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