We report here 3 cases of rectal varices treated with endoscopic variceal ligation and discuss the pathogenesis, treatment, and prognosis of rectal varices with referring to previous reports. Of the 3 patients, 2 had been diagnosed as liver cirrhosis and 1 as extrahepatic portal hypertension. All of the 3 patients had previously undergone treatment of esophagogastric varices. The rupture of rectal varices appeared to have some relationship with the treatment of esophageal varices. In previous reports, 73% of patients with ruptured rectal varices treated with endoscopic injection sclerotherapy or endoscopic variceal ligation had undergone treatments of esophageal varices. The endoscopic treatments resulted in a favorable prognosis in 2 patients. Although no fatality from endoscopic injection sclero-therapy or endoscopic variceal ligation has been reported, 1 of the present 3 cases died of liver failure.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy and Percutaneous Techniques|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Oct|
- Endoscopic variceal ligation
- Portal hypertension
- Rectal varices