S100A4, a member of the Ca2+ dependent S100 protein family, is reported to associate with metastasis through regulation of the motility and invasiveness of cancer cells. A high level of S100A4 protein has been reported in a variety of cancers, including pancreatic cancer. However, its biological role in pancreatic carcinogenesis is largely unknown. We previously reported that S100A4 is frequently overexpressed and that RNAi-mediated knockdown induces apoptosis and suppression of cell growth, motility, and invasiveness. In this study, we analyzed the effects of forced expression of S100A4 in pancreatic cancer cell lines without S100A4-upregulation. We used two cell lines without upregulation of S100A4 (PCI-35 and PCI-43) as well as two cell lines with highly upregulated S100A4 as the control (MIA PaCa-2 and PAN-07-JCK). Cells did not show acceleration of their growth and invasiveness after forced expression of S100A4, but remarkable acceleration of cell motility was observed only in PCI-35 and PCI-43. We further performed microarray analyses using PCI-35 and PCI-43 with and without forced expression of S100A4 and identified 72 and 18 genes that were 2-fold or more upregulated or downregulated, respectively, in both cell lines after forced expression of S100A4. Our results suggest that S100A4 is crucial for cell motility in pancreatic cancer and that some downstream genes may play important roles in cell motility.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 2012 Dec 14
- Cell growth
- Pancreatic cancer