Salt, Hot Water, and Silicon Compounds Tracing Massive Twin Disks

Kei E.I. Tanaka, Yichen Zhang, Tomoya Hirota, Nami Sakai, Kazuhito Motogi, Kengo Tomida, Jonathan C. Tan, Viviana Rosero, Aya E. Higuchi, Satoshi Ohashi, Mengyao Liu, Koichiro Sugiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


We report results of -resolution observations toward the O-type proto-binary system IRAS 16547-4247 with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array. We present dynamical and chemical structures of the circumbinary disk, circumstellar disks, outflows, and jets, illustrated by multi-wavelength continuum and various molecular lines. In particular, we detect sodium chloride, silicon compounds, and vibrationally excited water lines as probes of the individual protostellar disks at a scale of 100 au. These are complementary to typical hot-core molecules tracing the circumbinary structures on a 1000 au scale. The H2O line tracing inner disks has an upper-state energy of, indicating a high temperature of the disks. On the other hand, despite the detected transitions of NaCl, SiO, and SiS not necessarily having high upper-state energies, they are enhanced only in the vicinity of the protostars. We posit that these molecules are the products of dust destruction, which only happens in the inner disks. This is the second detection of alkali metal halide in protostellar systems after the case of the disk of Orion Source I, and also one of few massive protostellar disks associated with high-energy transition water and silicon compounds. These new results suggest that these "hot-disk"lines may be common in innermost disks around massive protostars, and have great potential for future research of massive star formation. We also tentatively find that the twin disks are counter-rotating, which might give a hint of the origin of the massive proto-binary system IRAS 16547-4247.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL2
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept 1


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