Scintillation and optical properties of Ce3+-doped CaGdAl3O7 single crystals

Masaki Mori, Daisuke Nakauchi, Go Okada, Yutaka Fujimoto, Noriaki Kawaguchi, Masanori Koshimizu, Takayuki Yanagida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


The single crystals of 0, 0.6, 1, 1.6 and 2 mol% Ce doped CaGdAl3O7 (Ce:CGAM) were grown by the Floating Zone method, and investigated on photoluminescence (PL) and scintillation properties. In the PL spectra, a broad emission appeared over 380–500 nm under 280 and 360 nm excitations with the quantum yield of 33.8–38.8%. Under a vacuum ultraviolet excitation (90 nm) using a synchrotron source, non-doped CGAM single crystal showed broad emissions over 250–650 nm. The PL decay time profiles followed a monotonic exponential decay with a decay time constant of around 33 ns. The scintillation spectra were similar to those of PL. All of the samples exhibited a clear photoabsorption peak and Compton edge in the pulse height spectra measured under 137Cs γ-ray irradiation, and the absolute scintillation light yield (LY) was highest for the 2% Ce-doped sample with the value of 3300±300 ph/MeV. The scintillation decay profiles were approximated by a third order exponential decay function, and the extracted decay time of Ce3+ emission component was around 36–44 ns. Among all the samples, 2%Ce:CGAM single crystal sample showed the best afterglow level as a scintillator under X-ray irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-97
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun 1


  • CaGdAlO
  • Ce
  • melilite
  • scintillator
  • single crystal


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