Seasonal changes in temperature dependence of photosynthetic rate in rice under a free-air CO2 enrichment

Almaz Borjigidai, Kouki Hikosaka, Tadaki Hirose, Toshihiro Hasegawa, Masumi Okada, Kazuhiko Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


• Background and Aims: Influences of rising global CO2 concentration and temperature on plant growth and ecosystem function have become major concerns, but how photosynthesis changes with CO2 and temperature in the field is poorly understood. Therefore, studies were made of the effect of elevated CO2 on temperature dependence of photosynthetic rates in rice (Oryza sativa) grown in a paddy field, in relation to seasons in two years. • Methods: Photosynthetic rates were determined monthly for rice grown under free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) compared to the normal atmosphere (570 vs 370 μmol mol-1). Temperature dependence of the maximum rate of RuBP (ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate) carboxylation (Vcmax) and the maximum rate of electron transport (Jmax) were analysed with the Arrhenius equation. The photosynthesis-temperature response was reconstructed to determine the optimal temperature (T opt) that maximizes the photosynthetic rate. • Key Results and Conclusions: There was both an increase in the absolute value of the light-saturated photosynthetic rate at growth CO2 (P growth) and an increase in Topt for Pgrowth caused by elevated CO2 in FACE conditions. Seasonal decrease in Pgrowth was associated with a decrease in nitrogen content per unit leaf area (Narea) and thus in the maximum rate of electron transport (Jmax) and the maximum rate of RuBP carboxylation (Vcmax). At ambient CO2, Topt increased with increasing growth temperature due mainly to increasing activation energy of Vcmax. At elevated CO2, Topt did not show a clear seasonal trend. Temperature dependence of photosynthesis was changed by seasonal climate and plant nitrogen status, which differed between ambient and elevated CO 2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-557
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Botany
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr


  • Activation energy
  • Free-air CO enrichment (FACE)
  • Limiting step
  • Optimal temperature
  • Oryza sativa
  • Photosynthesis
  • Rice
  • Seasonal change
  • Temperature acclimation
  • Temperature dependence


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