Selective collection of long fragments of environmental DNA using larger pore size filter

Toshiaki Jo, Hiroaki Murakami, Reiji Masuda, Toshifumi Minamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Environmental DNA (eDNA) can exist in water with various sizes and states. Among them, relative to extra-cellular DNA, intra-cellular DNA such as cell and tissue fragments can mainly be detected at larger size fractions, and may be protected from enzymatic DNA degradation processes. Here, we verified the hypothesis that the selective collection of such large-sized eDNA enhances the efficiency of capturing less-degraded eDNA, based on a tank experiment using Japanese Jack Mackerel (Trachurus japonicus) as a model species. We concentrated different volumes of rearing water using the filters with different pore sizes (0.7 μm and 2.7 μm), and quantified the copy number of short and long mitochondrial and short nuclear DNA fragments of target species in water samples. As a result, the ratio of long to short eDNA concentrations was higher in the larger pore size filter, which would support our stated hypothesis. In addition, the ratio of nuclear to mitochondrial eDNA was lower in the larger pore size filter. These results imply a difference in the persistence of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA between intra- and extra-cellular environments. Moreover, larger filter pore size did not necessarily decrease the yields of eDNA, and there was little difference in yields in smaller filtration volumes. The findings of this study indicate the potential to select information from eDNA signals by focusing on eDNA of specific size and state, which may contribute to efficient utilization of the information on species taxonomy and physiology in water samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139462
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept 15
Externally publishedYes


  • DNA fragment
  • Environmental DNA (eDNA)
  • Filter pore size
  • Japanese jack mackerel (Trachurus japonicus)
  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Nuclear DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution


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