Selective Recruitment of Large Lower Lobe Atelectasis on Donor Back Table in Rejected Donor Lungs

Toshihiro Okamoto, Hiromichi Niikawa, David Wheeler, Kamal S. Ayyat, Soliman Basem, Yoshifumi Itoda, Gengo Sunagawa, Carol F. Farver, Kenneth R. McCurry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. Large atelectatic areas in donor lungs are frequently resistant to standard recruitment maneuvers, producing a tenaciously low PO2/FiO2 ratio. The aim of this study is to investigate the optimal protocol for the recruitment of large atelectatic areas in the context of ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP). Methods. Seventeen rejected lungs with large lower lobe atelectasis (≥40%) were divided into 2 groups: manual resuscitation (n = 5) and selective recruitment (n = 12). Transplant suitability was then evaluated in cellular EVLP. In the manual resuscitation group, following bronchoscopy, if the conventional recruitment maneuver was not successful, a bagging technique was utilized to resolve atelectasis in EVLP. In the selective recruitment group, a pediatric endotracheal tube was introduced to the lower lobe bronchus on the back table of the donor hospital. Selective recruitment of the lower lobe was accomplished while keeping peak inspiratory pressure <30 cm H2O for 30 seconds. Results. The average atelectasis size and lung weight in 17 donor lungs was 75.4 ± 20.6% and 960 ± 221 g, respectively. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in all donor variables, except cold ischemic time (P = 0.001, 5.2 ± 0.5 versus 6.4 ± 0.7 hours). The selective recruitment group was associated with better transplant suitability (P = 0.035, 75% versus 20%), better PO2/FiO2 ratio (P = 0.186, 324 ± 89 versus 258 ± 87 mm Hg), lower lung weight (P = 0.057, 997.9 ± 229.2 versus 1377.2 ± 452.9 g), and better pathological score (P < 0.05, 1.0 ± 1.3 versus 2.8 ± 0.8) than the manual resuscitation group. Conclusion. A selective recruitment procedure is a safe and effective method of eliminating large atelectasis before EVLP.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere453
JournalTransplantation Direct
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May 1

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