Euler buckling forms surface microwrinkles ranging in size from sub-micrometers to tens of micrometers as a result of the modulus difference between the surface of the material and the material itself. When the buckling occurs in the limited areas smaller than the wrinkle wavelength, the shape of the buckled surface deforms into concave dimples or convex lenses. The shape of the buckled surface can be controlled by changing the modulus of poly(dimethylsiloxane). Hierarchical patterning can also be achieved by using a photomask. This surface wrinkling process provides a novel way to nano- and micropattern soft substrates, including elastomers and gels.
- Pattern transfer
- Surface wrinkling