Self-assembled supramolecular ferrocene-fullerene dyads and triad: Formation and photoinduced electron transfer

Yasuyuki Araki, Raghu Chitta, Atula S.D. Sandanayaka, Kevin Langenwalter, Suresh Gadde, Melvin E. Zandler, Osamu Ito, Francis D'Souza

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21 Citations (Scopus)


Supramolecular ferrocene-fullerene constructs in which the donor, ferrocene linked to a benzo-18-crown-6 entity (Fc-crown), was self-assembled with the acceptor, fullerene bearing one or two alkyl ammonium ions (NH3 +-C60), yielding dyads or a triad, respectively. The newly formed conjugates were characterized by spectroscopic (fluorescence, electospray ionization-mass, and 1H NMR) and electrochemical methods. The adopted crown ether-alkyl ammonium ion binding strategy resulting in stable donor-acceptor conjugates was also supported by the computational studies performed at the DFT B3LYP/3-21G(*) level in addition to the binding constants obtained from fluorescence quenching studies. The experimentally calculated freeenergy changes indicated exothermic light-induced charge-separation process. Accordingly, efficient photoinduced charge-separation processes were confirmed by the combination of the time-resolved fluorescence and nanosecond transient absorption spectral measurements. The rates of charge recombination were found to be 2-3 orders of magnitude lower, yielding radical ion-pairs, Fc+-crown/NH3+-C60 .- with lifetimes in the 10-240 ns range. Generally, by increasing the donor-acceptor distance, a decrease in both &cs and kCR was observed for the supramolecular ferrocene-fullerene dyads; that is, the lifetimes of Fc+-crown/NH3+-C 60.- changed from 10 to 165 ns. However, for the triad, involving two ferrocene donors of varying donoracceptor distances, the k CR originating from the far-side located ferrocene was found to be 240 ns while the kCR from the near-side located ferrocene was faster than the time duration of the nanosecond laser pulse (6 ns).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2222-2229
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 14


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