Self-sustainability of emerging hydrogen refuelling stations and FCEVs in Japan

Takuya Hasegawa, Kiminori Gemba, Shuichi Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are currently in the limelight as the latest generation of zero-emissions vehicles. Over the last 20 years, FCEVs failed to be properly commercialised. In this study, the economy of FCEVs and the hydrogen refuelling station (HRS) infrastructure is presented from a practical perspective based on a detailed analysis of internal combustion engine vehicles and gasoline refuelling stations. The refuelling capacity of self-sustainable HRSs is estimated as 8-38 Nm3/h for FCEVs costing 5 million yen and 14-71 Nm3/h for FCEVs costing 4 million yen. These findings reveal a significant gap in the hydrogen refuelling capacities of a self-sustainable HRS and a full-size HRS (typically 300 Nm3/h) that some current hydrogen initiatives assume. Further, the results indicate that the deployment of self-sustainable HRSs is difficult as long as the target FCEV customers are assumed to be passenger vehicle customers only.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-393
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Business and Systems Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • FCEVs
  • Fuel cell electric vehicle
  • GRS
  • Gasoline refuelling station
  • HRS
  • Hydrogen refuelling station
  • ICEV
  • Internal combustion engine vehicle
  • Potential demand
  • Self-sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management


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