Selfed-seed production depending on individual size and flowering sequence in Iris gracilipes (Iridaceae)

Takashi Kimura, Hiroshi S. Ishii, Satoki Sakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


To examine the influence of individual size and time of pollination on selfed and outcrossed seed production, we conducted hand-pollination experiments in 2000 and 2001 in the perennial herb Iris gracilipes A. Gray (Iridaceae). Small individuals produced outcrossed seeds to a greater extent than selfed seeds, whereas large individuals produced not only outcrossed seeds but also selfed seeds. On the other hand, when half of all flowering shoots of an individual were removed, both selfed and outcrossed seeds were produced independent of individual size. Flowers that opened earlier within the same flowering shoots were likely to produce outcrossed seeds, while those that opened later within the same flowering shoots produced relatively more selfed seeds than did the flowers which opened earlier. Thus, the ratio of the numbers of selfed to outcrossed seeds produced may differ between small and large individuals. These results suggest that plants regulate selfed- and outcrossed-seed production depending on their sizes and flowering sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1096-1102
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Journal of Botany
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Flowering sequence
  • Individual size
  • Iris gracilipes
  • Self-fertilization


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