Sequence analysis of a pea comb locus on chicken chromosome 1

S. Sato, S. Sato, T. Otake, C. Suzuki, Y. Uemoto, J. Saburi, H. Hashimoto, E. Kobayashi

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3 Citations (Scopus)


To facilitate gene identification, this study aimed to narrow the scope of the genome region affecting chicken comb type by using two bird populations. First, an F2 resource population was generated by crossing Japanese game fowl (Shamo; pea comb, P/p and P/P) with White Plymouth Rock (single comb, p/p). Comb types of the 240 F2 offspring produced by an F1 intercross between eight males and 57 females were segregated at a ratio of 3:1 (pea:single). The pea comb locus was mapped to a chromosomal region on Gallus gallus chromosome 1 that was flanked by microsatellite markers MCW0112, MCW0019 and ABR521. The second population (five-generation, n=1300 animals) was derived from a cross between Shamo and Rhode Island Red (single comb, p/p) that had been genotyped for additional polymorphic single nucleotide polymorphisms and microsatellite markers within this region through development of chicken draft sequences. To close some gaps in these draft sequences, we constructed a bacterial artificial chromosome contig and sequenced it using the shotgun sequencing technique. Chickens selected from pedigrees in these populations were grouped by inheritance of a P or p haplotype at the locus constructed by the additional markers. Finally, this locus was fine-mapped to roughly 60 kb based on the association of haplotypes and comb types. Chicken genome sequences suggest that the most likely polymorphism responsible for the pea comb locus is a duplicated sequence and that the sex determining region Y-box 5 gene, one predicted gene and one expressed sequence tag in a critical region may be associated with the duplicated sequence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-661
Number of pages3
JournalAnimal Genetics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec


  • SOX5 gene
  • chicken
  • duplication
  • genomic sequence
  • pea comb


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