Sequential two-stage displacive transformation from β to α via β′ phase in polymorphic MnTe film

Shunsuke Mori, Daisuke Ando, Yuji Sutou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


MnTe films exhibit a remarkable change in physical properties upon polymorphic transformation from β (wurtzite-type) to α (nickeline-type) phase. In this study, the mechanism of the β to α transformation in MnTe films capped with a tungsten layer during isothermal annealing at 500 °C was investigated. X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that the out-of-plane c-axis orientation was maintained during the polymorphic transformation. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy revealed that the β-phase transformed to the α-phase via a β′-phase which has a wurtzite-type structure as the β-phase but with a slight difference in the coordinates of the Te atoms. The β → β′ transformation was induced by the puckering process during which Mn- and Te-atomic planes shift in opposite directions along the c-axis, whereas the β′ → α transformation was induced by a buckling process during which pairs of Mn- and Te-atomic planes alternately move to the opposite directions along the 210 direction. Meanwhile, in the MnTe film without the tungsten capping layer, the out-of-plane c-axis orientation was not retained during the polymorphic transformation. These results imply that the sequential two-stage polymorphic transformation maintaining the out-of-plane c-axis orientation is caused by the constraint on the MnTe film induced by the tungsten capping layer.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109141
JournalMaterials and Design
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov


  • Compound semiconductors
  • Displacive transformation
  • Phase transformation
  • Sputtering
  • Thin film


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