Sex allocation bias in hermaphroditic plants: Effects of local competition and seed dormancy

Takashi Tsuchimatsu, Satoki Sakai, Motomi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Questions: Does temporal dispersal, such as seed dormancy, affect evolutionarily stable sex allocation? If so, how does the spatial dispersal of pollen and seed interact with seed dormancy and how do the effects of spatial and temporal dispersal on ESS (evolutionarily stable state) sex allocation differ? Features of model: We developed a Monte-Carlo computer simulation model and predicted ESS sex allocation. This model considered: an annual diploid-hermaphrodite population that was subdivided into a large number of patches; the spatial dispersal of seeds and pollen grains and the temporal dispersal of seeds (i.e. seed dormancy); and local mate competition among pollen grains and local resource competition among seeds. Predictions: Seed dormancy can affect ESS sex allocation: as the seed dormancy rate increases, ESS sex allocation will become female-biased. However, its effect will be significant when the seed dispersal rate is low: the effects of seed dormancy and seed spatial dispersal interact negatively with each other. Seed spatial dispersal will have a stronger effect on ESS sex allocation than seed dormancy, but this difference will decrease as the pollen dispersal rate increases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-842
Number of pages14
JournalEvolutionary Ecology Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jul


  • Dispersal
  • Dormancy
  • Hermaphroditic plants
  • Local mate competition
  • Local resource competition
  • Sex allocation


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