Short-term nicotine exposure induces long-lasting modulation of gustatory plasticity in Caenorhabditis elegans

Takuya Urushihata, Tokumitsu Wakabayashi, Shoichi Osato, Tetsuro Yamashita, Tetsuya Matsuura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nicotine administration induces many effects on animal behavior. In wild-type Caenorhabditis elegans, gustatory plasticity results in reduced chemotaxis toward NaCl of otherwise attractive concentrations after pre-exposure to 100 mM NaCl in the absence of food. However, acute nicotine administration during a 15 min pre-exposure period inhibits gustatory plasticity, whereas chronic nicotine administration during worm development facilitates the plasticity. To investigate the relationship between the duration of nicotine administration and its effects, we exposed worms to nicotine for various periods during development. The modulatory effect of nicotine on gustatory plasticity was gradually switched from inhibition to facilitation with increased duration of nicotine administration. Moreover, inhibition of plasticity was sustained after relatively short-term chronic administration, with effects lasting for 45 h after the removal of nicotine. Similar to the acute inhibitory effect after 15 min nicotine pre-exposure, the inhibitory effect after short-term chronic administration was dependent on the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit genes lev-1 and unc-29, and genes involved in serotonin biosynthesis bas-1 and tph-1. The impaired inhibition in bas-1 and tph-1mutants was recovered by exogenous serotonin, demonstrating that serotonin plays an important role in the long-lasting inhibitory effects of short-term chronic nicotine exposure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemistry and Biophysics Reports
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Behavioral plasticity
  • Ceanorhabditis elegans
  • Chemotaxis
  • Learning
  • Nicotine
  • Serotonin

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