The catalytic activity of a simple amino alcohol that contains a bulky super silyl group [i.e., tris(trimethylsilyl)silyl (TTMSS)] bonded to the oxygen atom at the γ-position along with a primary amine moiety was examined in the enantioselective 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of nitrones to α,β-unsaturated aldehydes. The organocatalyst successfully provided optically active isoxazolidines in good chemical yields (up to 86 %) with excellent diastereoselectivities (endo/exo, up to 96:4) and enantioselectivities (up to 97 % ee). Furthermore, the obtained isoxazolidines were easily converted into γ-amino diols that contain three contiguous stereogenic centers.
- Amino alcohols
- Nitrogen heterocycles