Simplified Attachable EEG Revealed Child Development Dependent Neurofeedback Brain Acute Activities in Comparison with Visual Numerical Discrimination Task and Resting

Kazuyuki Oda, Ricki Colman, Mamiko Koshiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The development of an easy-to-attach electroencephalograph (EEG) would enable its frequent use for the assessment of neurodevelopment and clinical monitoring. In this study, we designed a two-channel EEG headband measurement device that could be used safely and was easily attachable and removable without the need for restraint or electrode paste or gel. Next, we explored the use of this device for neurofeedback applications relevant to education or neurocognitive development. We developed a prototype visual neurofeedback game in which the size of a familiar local mascot changes in the PC display depending on the user’s brain wave activity. We tested this application at a local children’s play event. Children at the event were invited to experience the game and, upon agreement, were provided with an explanation of the game and support in attaching the EEG device. The game began with a consecutive number visual discrimination task which was followed by an open-eye resting condition and then a neurofeedback task. Preliminary linear regression analyses by the least-squares method of the acquired EEG and age data in 30 participants from 5 to 20 years old suggested an age-dependent left brain lateralization of beta waves at the neurofeedback stage (p = 0.052) and of alpha waves at the open-eye resting stage (p = 0.044) with potential involvement of other wave bands. These results require further validation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7207
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Oct

Keywords

  • Sp1 and Sp2 headset
  • beta/theta ratio
  • easy mounting Bluetooth EEG
  • four wave bands
  • neurofeedback
  • size control of local mascot
  • visual display game

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